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Plants: Hedges and Screens
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Hedges and Screens are used in the landscape to create a formal attitude to the garden or landscape and often define lines and spaces.  A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and tree species, planted and trained in such a way as to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area. Hedges used to separate a road from adjoining fields or from different properties, and of sufficient age to incorporate larger trees, such as European Hornbeam, are known as hedgerows. It is also a simple form of topiary since it is pruned and maintained at a certain height of desire.  Also hedges which are lower than three feet are commonly referred to as borders.

A Screen is made in the landscape to deter sound, create privacy, or simply give you the border you require.  A screen is often made up of plants which are evergreen or deciduous and will vary in size depending on the shrub or tree.  In Massachusetts, a common screen often consists of the evergreen called Arborvitae used to deter neighbors from viewing a patio or pool though not restricting to those types of areas.  Some screens can be used in a smaller application than a tall evergreen like Arborvitae which grows to typically twenty-five feet tall.  A smaller application could be the use of privet as a screen which reaches to eight to twelve feet in height.  Both of these examples are screens because they can be easily sheared to maintain the height of your desire. A screen is anything you want of the border, but typically it is pruned less and not as “cookie cutter” as a hedge would be.

Hedges and screens both result in the same final product: a border for your landscape.  It is important to remember how tall a plant grows to, whether you desire more than just foliage for the hedge or screen, growth conditions for the plant, and your reason to create a living wall. 

The following are varieties of trees and shrubs that can be used as either hedges or screens:

Trees: Deciduous
Acer campestre – Hedge Maple

Acer campestre – Hedge Maple
Hardiness Zone: (4)5 – 8
Size: 25-35’ x 20-30’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

 Acer ginnala – Amur Maple

Acer ginnala – Amur Maple
Hardiness Zone: 3-8
Size: 15-18’ x 15-18’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’ – Pyramidal

Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’ – Pyramidal European Hornbeam
Hardiness Zone: (4)5 – 7
Size: 40-60’ x 30-40’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Quercus robur ‘Fastigiata’ – Columnar English Oak Quercus robur ‘Fastigiata’ – Columnar English Oak
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 8
Size: 50-60’ x 10-15’
Exposure: Full Sun
Tilia cordata cvs. – Linden Tree Tilia cordata cvs. – Linden Tree
Hardiness Zone: 3b – 8(9)
Size: 30-40’ x 20-30’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun
   

Trees: Evergreen
Picea spp. – Spruce

Picea spp. – Spruce
Hardiness Zone: 3 – 7(8)
Size: 30-60’ x 10-20’
Exposure: Full Sun

Pinus spp. – Pine Pinus spp. – Pine
Hardiness Zone: 3 – 7(8)
Size: 50-80’ x 20-40’
Exposure: Full Sun
Pseudotsuga menziesii – Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii – Douglas Fir
Hardiness Zone: (3b)4 – 6
Size: 40-80’ x 12-20’
Exposure: Full Sun
Tsuga canadensis – Canadian Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis – Canadian Hemlock
Hardiness Zone: 3b – 7(8)
Size: 40-70’ x 25-35’
Exposure: Full Sun to Shade


Shrubs: Deciduous
Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’ – Chokeberry

Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’ – Chokeberry
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 9
Size: 6-10’ x 3-5’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Cornus alba and cvs.- Tatarian Dogwood Cornus alba and cvs.- Tatarian Dogwood
Hardiness Zone: 3 – 8
Size: 6-8’ x 6-8’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun
Cornus sericea and cvs. – Redosier Dogwood Cornus sericea and cvs. – Redosier Dogwood
Hardiness Zone: 2 – 7
Size: 6-8’ x 6-8’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun
Hibiscus syriacus cvs. – Rose of Sharon

Hibiscus syriacus cvs. – Rose of Sharon
Hardiness Zone: 5 – 8(9)
Size: 8-12’ x 6-10’
Exposure: Full Sun

Ligustrum ovalifolium – California Privet Ligustrum ovalifolium – California Privet
Hardiness Zone: 5 – 8
Size: 8-10’ x 4-6’
Exposure: Full Sun to Shade
Philadelphus spp. and cvs. – Mockorange

Philadelphus spp. and cvs. – Mockorange
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 8
Size: 5-6’ x 3-4’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Prunus x cistena – Purpleleaf Sandcherry Prunus x cistena – Purpleleaf Sandcherry
Hardiness Zone: 3b – 8
Size: 6-8’ x 5-6’
Exposure: Full Sun
Pyracantha coccinea and cvs. – Firethorn

Pyracantha coccinea and cvs. – Firethorn
Hardiness Zone: 5 – 9
Size: 6-10’ w/ pruning
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Spiraea spp. and cvs. – Spirea

Spiraea spp. and cvs. – Spirea
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 8
Size: 2-4’ x 2-4’
Exposure: Full Sun

Rosa rugosa – Beach Rose Rosa rugosa – Beach Rose
Hardiness Zone: 2 – 7(8)
Size: 4-6’ x 4-6’
Exposure: Full Sun
Syringa vulgaris and cvs. – Common Lilac

Syringa vulgaris and cvs. – Common Lilac
Hardiness Zone: 3 – 7
Size: 8-15’ x 6-10’
Exposure: Full Sun

Viburnum spp. and cvs. – Viburnum Viburnum spp. and cvs. – Viburnum
Hardiness Zone: 2(3) – 8
Size: 6-9’ x 6-9’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Shrubs: Evergreen
Buxus spp. and cvs. – Boxwood

Buxus spp. and cvs. – Boxwood
Hardiness Zone: 5 – 8
Size: Usually 2-4’ x 2-4’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun

Ilex crenata cvs. – Japanese Holly

Ilex crenata cvs. – Japanese Holly
Hardiness Zone: 5 – 8
Size: 2-4’ x 2-4’
Exposure: Full Sun to Shade

Ilex glabra and cvs. – Inkberry Ilex glabra and cvs. – Inkberry
Hardiness Zone: 4(5) – 9
Size: 4-6’ x 4-6’
Exposure: Full Sun to Shade
Juniperus chinensis cvs. – Chinese Juniper Juniperus chinensis cvs. – Chinese Juniper
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 9
Size: 10-15’ x 6-8’
Exposure: Full Sun
Juniperus scopulorum cvs. – Rocky Mountain Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum cvs. – Rocky Mountain Juniper
Hardiness Zone: 3b – 8
Size: 10-15’ x 6-8’
Exposure: Full Sun

Rhododendron spp. – Rhododendron Rhododendron spp. – Rhododendron
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 8
Size: 6-10’ x 5-8’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun
Taxus spp. and cvs. – Yew Taxus spp. and cvs. – Yew
Hardiness Zone: 4 – 7
Size: Variable
Exposure: Full Sun to Shade
Thuja occidentalis and nigra cvs. – Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis and nigra cvs. – Arborvitae
Hardiness Zone: 3 – 7
Size: 20-25’ x 4-8’
Exposure: Full to Part Sun


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Click here to watch Northeast Nursery's helpful and informative videos.Click here to watch Northeast Nursery's helpful and informative videos.

 
       
  Northeast Nursery Garden Center
234 Newbury Street, Peabody, MA 01960
Telephone: 978-535-6550
Hours: Mon-Sat 7-6, Sun 8-6
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Northeast Nursery Contractor Center
6 Dearborn Road, Peabody, MA 01960
Telephone: 978-854-4520
Hours: Mon-Sat 7-5, Sun 8-5
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